Experience the History

  • Construction of the Danevirke begins
    Denmark, Germany
    737
  • Founding of trading town of Birka
    Sweden
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    750
  • Sacking of Lindisfarne Monastery
    England
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    793
  • Sacking of Raithlin Island Monastery
    Ireland
    795
  • Hedeby centre of Baltic trade
    Denmark
    Elder Futhark replaced by 16-Rune Futhark
    Scandinavia
    800
  • Floki Vilgerdason of Rogaland discovers Iceland
    Iceland
    815
  • Oseberg ship burial
    Norway
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    834
  • First Rus Vikings arrive at Miklagard (Constantinople)
    Turkey
    838
  • Viking base camp established at Woodstown, Waterford
    Ireland
    Dublin founded by Turgeis
    Ireland
    840
  • Raid on Nantes
    France
    843
  • Raid on Moorish Seville
    Spain
    844
  • Ragnar Lothbrok raids Paris
    France
    845
  • Hastein enters Mediterannean & raids Algecira & Morocco
    Spain, Morocco
    859
  • Rurik becomes ruler of Novgorod
    Russia
    Hastein raids Luna thinking it Rome
    Italy
    First raid on Constantinople
    Turkey
    860
  • Jorvik founded
    England
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    "Great Heathen Host" in Britain led by brothers Halfdan, Ivar & Ubbi
    England
    866
  • King Harald Fairhair King of Norway
    Norway
    Guthrum shipwrecked in Unst, Shetland but escapes
    Scotland
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    870
  • "Year of Battles"
    England
    Alfred the Great King of Wessex
    England
    Guthrum arrives in England & leads "Great Summer Army"
    England
    871
  • Settlement of Iceland begins
    Iceland
    874
  • Harald Harfagra unifies Norway
    Norway
    Alfred defeats Guthrum at Battle of Eddington
    England
    878
  • Rurik establishes Kiev
    Ukraine
    879
  • Siege of Paris
    France
    Birth of Erik Bloodaxe
    Norway
    Murder of Godfrid, Duke of Frisia
    Netherlands
    885
  • Alfred creates the Danelaw
    England
    886
  • Hedeby at its height as trading centre
    Denmark, Germany
    Gokstad ship burial
    Norway
    900
  • Rollo (Hrolf) granted lands by the Franks & founds Normandy
    France
    911
  • Reginald King of Waterford, captures York
    Ireland
    918
  • Ulfljotr brings Gulathing law to Iceland
    Iceland
    920
  • Ibn Fadlan, Arab ambassador, writes account of ship cremation
    Russia
    922
  • Death of Harald Fairhair
    Norway
    Erik Bloodaxe, King of Norway
    Norway
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    First Althing at Thingvellir
    Iceland
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    930
  • Harold Bluetooth, King of Denmark
    Denmark
    Birth of Olav Trygvasson "Crowbone"
    Norway
    958
  • Erik the Red discovers Greenland
    Greenland
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    982
  • Svein Forkbeard King of Denmark
    Denmark
    985
  • Battle of Maldon - Trygvasson V. Brythnoth
    England
    993
  • Olav Trygvasson King of Norway
    Norway
    995
  • Leif Erikson founds L'Anse Aux Meadows settlement in Newfoundland (Vinland)
    Canada
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    Iceland officially converts to Christianity
    Iceland
    Olav Trygvasson killed by Svein Forkbeard & King Olaf of Sweden
    Norway
    Ethnic cleansing of Danes by Aethelred Unraed
    England
    1000
  • Brian Boru King of Ireland
    Ireland
    1002
  • Svein Forkbeard defeats Aethelred Unraed
    England
    1013
  • Death of Svein Forkbeard
    England
    Brian Boru defeats Jarl Sigurd of Orkney at Battle of Clontarf - both slain
    Ireland
    1014
  • Vinland settlement abandoned
    Canada
    1015
  • Cnut the Great, son of Svein Forkbeard, conquers England
    England
    1016
  • Cnut , King of England & Denmark, conquors Norway
    Norway
    1028
  • City of Oslo founded
    Norway
    1050
  • King Harold Godwinesson of England killed at Battle of Hastings
    England
    William the Conqueror King of England
    England
    Hedeby sacked by Polabian Slavs - ceases as trading centre
    Denmark, Germany
    King Harald Hardrada of Norway killed at Battle of Stamford Bridge
    England
    1066
  • Adam of Bremen writes Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum
    Germany
    1075
  • Battle of Foteviken
    Sweden
    1134
  • 1170 - Invasion by Normans marks end of Viking Age
    1170
  • Saxo Grammaticus writes Gesta Danorum
    Germany
    1185
  • Ibn Dihya writes account of Al-Ghazal's embassy to Ireland
    Ireland
    Orkneyinga Saga written by Icelandic author
    Iceland
    1200
  • Snorri Sturluson writes Prose Edda
    Iceland
    1220
  • Snorri Sturluson writes Heimskringla
    Iceland
    1225
  • Poems of Poetic Edda collected
    Iceland
    1250
  • Battle of Largs
    Scotland
    1263
  • Final reference to Vikings in Irish history in court case held at Waterford
    Ireland
    1312